Tuesday, 3 April 2018

Znamenka Palace near Peterhof

When Count Alexei Razumovsky bought Znamenka in 1755, he built a two-storey baroque palace and the Peter and Paul church. The estate borders on the left with Peterhof’s Alexandria Park with the Cottage and Nicholas II’s Lower Dacha and on the right the Mikhailovka Palace, the former summer home of Nicholas I’s son Grand Duke Mikhail.

Aerial (below) of Znamenka Palace

Photograph c1800s and today (below) of Znamenka Palace


Map (below) of the Znamenka Estate [Знаменка] – on the left is Alexandria Park [Александриa парк] with the Cottage [Kоттедж] and Lower Dacha [Нижняя дача] – on the far right Mikhailovka Palace [Михайловскa дворец]

Map (below) of Peterhof today

The name Znamenka originated during the reign of Peter the Great when the land was divided among his courtiers for summer cottage. A wooden church was built for the workers and consecrated in honor of the icon Znamenka [Image of the Mother of God].

Nicholas was able to buy the property from the last owner in 1825 for Alexandra as their own summer home in Peterhof. Later that year before his death in November, Alexander I gave the couple Alexandria Park where they and their descendants lived, using Znamenka for various gatherings. The architect Andrei Stakenschneider reconstructed Znamenka in the baroque style in 1836. He designed a Greek Hall with chandeliers copied from Pavlovsk Palace, stools with metal legs depicting goats and a painted screen based on ancient vases. The architect also recreated a Raphael Gallery and Winter Garden similar to the Winter Palace’s.

Empress Alexandra gave the property to their third son Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich on September 11th 1856 at the time of his marriage. The architect Harold Bosse reconstructed the palace and park adding baroque details. He constructed a two-storey kitchen building, stables for a hundred horses and greenhouses.

Photographs (below) of the interiors





Photograph c1800s and today (below) of the Stables

Photograph c1800s and today (below) of the Peter and Paul Church

2 comments:

  1. Fascinating. Just an empty shell of a place - but it survives! Thank you for sharing this. : )

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  2. Znamenka Palace exteriors and interiors were restored. It was a hotel a few years ago. Services are today being held in the restored church.

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